Educational Materials

Learn about foot and ankle problems!

There are several foot and ankle problems that we can encounter in our lifetime. These problems include:

Bone and joint problems include ankle pain, bunions, and hammertoes. Bunions are characterized by the unusual enlargement of the tissue around the big toe. Hammertoes involve deformities on a toe joint, causing them to permanently bend.

Skin conditions are usually mild and easily treatable. Common examples are warts, calluses and discoloration.

These are injuries that result from physical activity, like ankle sprains, turf toe, and heel pain. When this happens to you, our goal is to get you back into the sport you love as soon as possible, without creating a worsened injury.

Inborn foot and ankle disorders that babies acquire since birth. These birth defects include club foot, in toeing, and foot deformity. These disorders are usually treatable to some degree.

These include ingrown toenails and fungal infections. Ingrown toenails are caused by improper grooming of toenails resulting to improper nail growth. Fungal infections are caused by parasitic fungi that house themselves on a patient's skin. Common fungal infections include ringworms and eczema.

Heel pain has many causes. Heel pain is generally the result of faulty bio-mechanics that place too much stress on the heel bone and the soft tissues that attach to it. The stress may also result from injury, or a bruise incurred while walking, running, or jumping on hard surfaces; wearing poorly constructed footwear or being overweight.